Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis; [b] 13 November — 28 Augustalso known as Saint Augustine, Saint Austin,  is known by various cognomens throughout the Christian world across its many denominations including Blessed Augustine, and the Doctor of Grace  Latin: Doctor gratiae Hippo Regiuswhere Augustine was the bishopwas in modern-day AnnabaAlgerialocated in Numidia. For example, he refers to Apuleius as "the most notorious of us Africans,"   to Ponticianus as "a country man of ours, insofar as being African,"   and to Faustus of Mileve as "an African Gentleman ".
Total Dependence John N. Deck What are the implications of total dependence? What is involved in saying that one thing depends entirely upon another? What can be said in respect to cases of total dependence, and what can not be said? Before these questions there is a prior one: Is there any total dependence, as a matter of fact?
We readily observe that in the world one thing depends, or at least seems to depend, upon another. But total dependence, dependence such that everything that the dependent in any way is, is due to that upon which it depends—this is not readily observable. The relation of other things to a First has been described in this way by Plotinus and St.
Thomas Aquinas, among many. Now if God does not exist, of if he exists in such a way that creatures do not totally depend on him there is, perhaps, no actual case of total dependence. Nevertheless, it seems interesting to work out the implications of total dependence, not only because it is the core of a persistently influential view of creatures and God, but because it is at least the limiting case, the abstract pole, of dependence, an inescapable feature of the world of which philosophy must take account.
I take total dependence to entail 1 that B is dependent upon A, but that A is independent of B that there is no reciprocity, no reciprocal action2 that B is dependent on nothing else than A, and 3 that there nothing in B which is independent of A.
Total dependence entails non-reciprocity. The fact that only dependence, and in some cases interdependence—never total dependence is—prima facie observable is an invitation to conceive the creature-God relation as reciprocal. Such treatments, whatever they may have to recommend them, cannot directly concern a discussion of the theoretical implications of total dependence.
If, however, such accounts of creature and God proved to be true, they would be strong indications that the consideration of total dependence has no actual application. Total dependence entails non-reciprocity, but not vice versa. That is to say, requirement 1 is satisfied here but not 2 and not 3.
At first glance, it might seem easy to speak the language of total dependence. If B is to be regarded as totally dependent on A, B can it would appear be described in a way that will satisfy the three requirements stated above. In Plotinus, for example, there is no reciprocity between the One and the Intelligence.
The One is the father, the maker, of the Intelligence. And yet I believe it can be found that there is something in the Intelligence which does not depend on the One. In this paper I will concentrate upon St. Thomas Aquinas, taking his treatment of creatures as a paramount case of the attempt to speak the language of total dependence.
Everything is dependent upon God, and upon nothing else, as an originative source of existence. Thomas, after all, have something in the creature which is independent of God?
The discussion of this last, specific point will lead us into the technicalities of his doctrine, and into a criticism which can remain largely within the texture of his philosophic vocabulary Part I. The investigation of St. That is to say, it can be taken to mean the simple causal dependence of the creature upon the Creator.
+ free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. leslutinsduphoenix.com Philosophy against Misosophy: Home. Essays by Me. Essays by Others. First published in Dialogue: A Canadian Philosophical Review, Vol. 6, , pp. ; anthologized in Aquinas: A Collection of Critical Essays, Anthony Kenny, ed., Notre Dame University Press, , pp. Plotinus scholar John N. Deck decomposes Thomistic "composition" unanswerably in his . In Defense of the Timeless Solution to the Problem of Human Free Will and Divine Foreknowledge. Ciro De Florio & Aldo Frigerio - - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (1)
This is the sense in which I will use the word in this paper. The creature is dependent on God in the sense that the creature is receptive of existence from God.
The creature is thus a recipient of existence, and in this way St. The creature, or the substance or essence of the creature is a recipient, a potency; the existence of the creature is an act.
The latter point is often expressed by saying that for St. God as Existence, creatures as totally dependent on God and dual because of this dependence: Thomas himself uses to present his doctrine.+ free ebooks online.
Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Aquinas; a collection of critical essays Item Preview remove-circle by A. KennyIntellect and imagination in Aquinas, by A.
KennyThe immortality of the soul, by H. McCabeAquinas on intentionality, Internet Archive Books. American Libraries. Anthony Kenny has provided us with a collection of excellent and scholarly essays on certain crucial aspects of the philosophy of Saint Thomas Aquinas.
Originally published in , it contains the work of some of the foremost Aquinas scholars of the leslutinsduphoenix.coms: 1. Pamela Abbott and Claire Wallace Pamela Abbott Director of the Centre for Equality and Diversity at Glasgow Caledonian University.
leslutinsduphoenix.com Philosophy against Misosophy: Home. Essays by Me. Essays by Others. First published in Dialogue: A Canadian Philosophical Review, Vol.
6, , pp. ; anthologized in Aquinas: A Collection of Critical Essays, Anthony Kenny, ed., Notre Dame University Press, , pp. Plotinus scholar John N. Deck decomposes Thomistic "composition" unanswerably in his . READ MORE Guide to Thomas Aquinas - Josef Pieper - Google Books.
Visitors interested in Deck should not miss either O St. Thomas Aquinas and the Language A Collection of .