His objective was to sail west until he reached Asia the Indies where the riches of gold, pearls and spice awaited. His first stop was the Canary Islands where the lack of wind left his expedition becalmed until September 6. Once underway, Columbus benefited from calm seas and steady winds that pushed him steadily westward Columbus had discovered the southern "Trades" that in the future would fuel the sailing ships carrying goods to the New World.
His objective was to sail west until he reached Asia the Indies where the riches of gold, pearls and spice awaited. His first stop was the Canary Islands where the lack of wind left his expedition becalmed until September 6.
Once underway, Columbus benefited from calm seas and steady winds that pushed him steadily westward Columbus had discovered the southern "Trades" that in the future would fuel the sailing ships carrying goods to the New World. However, the trip was long, longer than anticipated by either Columbus or his crew.
In order to mollify his crew's apprehensions, Columbus kept two sets of logs: The first log was kept secret. The latter log quieted the crew's anxiety by under-reporting the true distance they had traveled from their homeland.
This deception had only a temporary effect; by October 10 the crew's apprehension had increased to the point of near mutiny. Columbus headed off disaster by promising his crew that if land was not sighted in two days, they would return home.
The next day land was discovered.
However, we do have an accurate abstract of the journal written by Bartolome de las Casas in the s. Las Casas was an historian and Columbus's biographer who had access to the original journal of the voyage. We join Columbus's account as his expedition approaches the islands of the Bahamas.
Throughout the account, Columbus refers to himself in the third person as the "Admiral": They saw sand-pipers, and a green reed near the ship. Those of the caravel Pinta saw a cane and a pole, and they took up another small pole which appeared to have been worked with iron; also another bit of cane, a land-plant, and a small board.
Everyone breathed afresh and rejoiced at these signs. The run until sunset was 27 leagues. After sunset the Admiral returned to his original west course, and they went along at the rate of 12 miles an hour.
As the caravel Pinta was a better sailer, and went ahead of the Admiral, she found the land, and made the signals ordered by the Admiral. The land was first seen by a sailor named Rodrigo de Triana. But the Admiral, at ten o'clock, being on the castle of the poop, saw a light, though it was so uncertain that he could not affirm it was land.
He called Pero Gutierrez, a gentleman of the King's bedchamber, and said that there seemed to be a light, and that he should look at it. He did so, and saw it.
The Admiral said the same to Rodrigo Sanchez of Segovia, whom the King and Queen had sent with the fleet as inspector, but he could see nothing, because he was not in a place whence anything could be seen. After the Admiral had spoken he saw the light once or twice, and it was like a wax candle rising and failing.
It seemed to few to be an indication of land; but the Admiral made certain that land was close.Christopher Columbus - The first voyage: The ships for the first voyage—the Niña, Pinta, and Santa María—were fitted out at Palos, on the Tinto River in Spain. Consortia put together by a royal treasury official and composed mainly of Genoese and Florentine bankers in Sevilla (Seville) provided at least 1,, maravedis to outfit the expedition, and Columbus supplied more than a third.
The Log of Christopher Columbus' First Voyage to America Inh the Year as Copied Out in Brief By Bartholomew Las Casas, One of His Companions, with Illustrations By J.O'leslutinsduphoenix.comve, II.
The First Voyage of Christopher Columbus, As most of us can remember from the childhood ditty, Columbus set sail from Spain in , with his fleet of three ships - the Niña, the Pinta. Watch video · Spanish explorer Christopher Columbus is remembered for his discovery of the 'New World,' and how his legacy of European colonization is a controversial one.
Columbus’ First Voyage .
The scholar Amerigo Vespucci, who sailed to America in the years following Columbus's first voyage, was the first to speculate that the land was not part of Asia but in fact constituted some wholly new continent previously unknown to Eurasians.
The First New World Voyage of Christopher Columbus () Search the site GO. History & Culture. American History American Revolution How was the first voyage of Columbus to the New World undertaken, and what was its legacy?
Herring, Hubert. A History of Latin America From the Beginnings to the Present. New York: Alfred A. .